About Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan, also known as the Land of Fire, is a country with a fascinating history and unique cultural heritage. Azerbaijan has a total land area of 86,600 km2. The climate, geography and topography of Azerbaijan are as diverse as its cultural heritage, with the country experiencing nine of the 13 world climate zones. The country has snowy mountainous regions, flat wetlands, desert-like plains, mud volcanoes (the largest number of mud volcanoes in the world), woods and forests, natural resources (2.5 per cent of the landmass of Azerbaijan is preserved across 16 reserves) and beaches. Any part of Azerbaijan from its architectural and historical point of view can attract tourists but numerous monuments of Baku provoke a keen interest of tourists. Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan, a major scientific and technical, industrial and cultural center of the country.

The old part of the city – Icheri Sheher that together with the adjacent legendary Maiden Tower(12th century) is included into the list of world heritage sites. The architectural aspect of the fortress differs by unique originality; there are 44 monuments of medieval architecture. Among them: a unique Shirvanshahs’ palace, the former residence of the rulers of Shirvan (15th century), minaret Sinig-gala (11th century), mosques, caravanserais, baths. This is a real ethnographic treasure for lovers of the antique.